براؤزنگ زمرہ

Rizwan Asghar

Nuclear Winter – Rizwan Asghar

"It's a near miracle that nuclear war has so far been avoided." – Noam Chomsky Call it paranoia or forewarning, but human beings of planet Earth are rapidly hurtling towards civilisation’s end due to their own self-destructive approach. The…

The SDI Myth – Rizwan Asghar

The abrupt and unexpected end of the bipolar cold-war system was an exogenous shock for Washington policymakers as well as all leading scholars of international relations (IR). The Soviet decision to withdraw all troops from Eastern Europe…

Nuclear Fears – Rizwan Asghar

The recent meeting between Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Summit has raised hopes of a renewed cooperation between the two countries. In…

Nuclear Multipolarity – Rizwan Asghar

We have entered the second nuclear age. The emerging international nuclear order is no longer defined by a bipolar strategic nuclear balance between the two opposite great powers capable of destroying the world multiple times over. On the…

Our Nuclear Trajectory – Rizwan Asghar

Nuclear weapons are generally believed to be ‘weapons of deterrence’ rather than ‘weapons of war’. However, despite the fact that many strategic experts uphold this view, the first use of nuclear weapons was for war termination and not for…

A Volatile world – Rizwan Asghar

We live in a volatile world. The end of the cold-war era has replaced global predictability with regional instability, fostering greater uncertainty in the ‘New World Order’. The bipolar superpower competition has been replaced by the…

The Nuclear Market – Rizwan Asghar

The trafficking of nuclear technologies and materials has been a worrisome issue since the early 1950s but after 9/11 it emerged as a global threat. This threat is totally different today because of the widespread dissemination of…

The NSS Process – Rizwan Asghar

In April 2009, President Obama in his Prague speech called nuclear terrorism “the most immediate and extreme threat to global security”. Even though the possibility of a terrorist organisation carrying out a nuclear attack is slight, the…